Crappie Vs Perch

Fish are a great source of proteins, amino acids, and other healthy nutrients. They are one of the most ancient animals on this planet. There are almost 28000 species of fish known to man till now; crappie and perch are one of them!

Both fishes are almost identical yet different in so many ways. They are pretty popular in North America and Europe. You can find them in freshwaters, streams, rivers, lakes, and small ponds. Whenever someone wants to eat delicious white meat, fish crappie and perch are their go-to choice.

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But, in addition to these similarities, there are differences between these two species. Here, we are going to explain all of those differences. Just continue to read!

Crappie Vs Perch

Both of them fall in the category of Panfish. They are not larger than 12 inches. People who like to cook and want to cook a fish as a whole that fits into their pan, perch, and crappie are considered one of the famous pan fishes. They are easy to catch and are pretty popular among the children as their first fishing fish.

These fishes attract similar kinds of bait; their favorite baits include shellfish, insect larva, and small meat pieces. Although they are similar in size, they are different in so many ways. Let us discuss the characteristics and get a clear picture of the significant difference between perch and Crappie are as under:

  • Family Difference:

Perch belongs to the Percidae family. It is the only species that belongs to the Percidae family. Other perch fish like yellow perch belongs to a different family, and also known as parka Flavescens.

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Crappie belongs to the Centrarchidae family. It is like giant sunfish and smallmouth bass. They are further categorized into two groups, the white Crappie belongs to the Annularis group, and the black Crappie belongs to the Nigromaculatus group.   

  • Color Variations:

Color variation is the primary deciding factor to distinguish between these two fishes. 

Perches have mostly green, orange, and yellowbacks. These colors vary between different species. Like in white perch, it varies from yellow to orange. The abdomen area is primarily white in all the cases, and the tail is greenish. 

Crappies are usually greenish on the upper parts of their body and have black spots. Black spots are most common to identify the Crappie. White Crappie has stripes on them, and black crappies have spots on the upper body, sides, and back. Perches have more color variations than crappies.

  • Body Structures:

The other factor in distinguishing between the two fishes is their body structure and size. Perches have a more extended body structure than Crappie. You can describe it as they look like a torpedo.

They have a hump on their body’s upper side, which makes them unique and identifiable. The upper fins are also split into two parts. These characteristics in the body structures make the perches easily recognizable.

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Unlike perch, crappies have a wide-body structure. They are flat and have large fins as compared to perches. They have larger fins on the lower side of their body, especially towards the anus. Their fins are flat, large, and not pointy. 

  • Spawning:

Perches have a more distinct spanning system. When the temperature rises, perches find their mating partners. And, as the breeding season comes closer, female perches find some complex objects or weeds and lay eggs.

The male perch do the fertilization process. Once the fertilization was done, both males and females went out in search of food. They don’t take care of their child and leave them alone.

Crappies rely on the clear waters more; they usually live under 6 to 8 feet of clear water sands. Once the breeding season starts, the male crappie builds a nest at the bottom of the pond. The nest looks like a ball.

The female pays a visit to the nest, inspects it, and lays the eggs. She left the nest after laying eggs. The male is responsible for the later tasks; he stays at the nest till the children can swim. 

How to catch them:

Perches are poor swimmers. Adults and younger perches are easily identifiable, adults’ perches are more golden in color, and young perches are more of white color. Males and female perches move in separate groups mostly.

And, if you are interested in fishing crappie, spring is the best season. The weather used to be good at those times. Above all, both male and female crappie used to swim in shallow waters so you could quickly catch them.

Due to the smaller size of both species, these fishes are pretty popular with youngsters and children. They are easy to catch. But keep in mind the few things before catching them. 

  • You don’t need any special expensive rod or reel. Usually, any rod is sufficient for them as they are not too heavy and smaller in size. A good rod is enough for them.
  • The most common bait used to catch these fishes is the larva.
  • These fishes are primarily active during their feeding time, like in the early morning and later afternoon, these times are best for making a catch.
  • Perches are drawn to deep waters and hide behind anything that blocks the sunlight; therefore, while fishing, it may help look into the places with less sunlight, like under rocks or trees, etc.


Crappie and perches are two different fishes. Their size, color, and bodies are entirely different from one and other. They taste the same and are a good source of white meat. They are delicious and have unique tastes.

Both of them fall for the same bait, share similar fishing behavior. These two species are also termed game fish because they are more fun and easy to catch. Youngsters can polish their fishing skills by noticing them.

We have tried to summarize all the distinctive features of both species. Hopefully, now you have a clear picture in your mind about the differences between these two fish. 

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